The Empowerment of African American Women in Higher Education Leadership Roles.

The Empowerment of African American Women in Higher Education Leadership Roles.

Order Description

Chapter 1: Introduction
Use “Heading 1” formatting (BOLD Headings toolbar) for chapter names and numbers (chapter 1, chapter 2, etc.), so they appear correctly in the Table of Contents. All of the chapter headings and titles are preformatted… there is no need to change them.

NOTE: The chapter title is a required field. If you delete it, the chapter will not appear in the table of contents.
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Introduce the reader to the dissertation. The chapter begins with an introductory section, which averages ½ – ¾ page and introduces the reader to the dissertation topic and reflects a brief overview of what is contained in the chapter. APA style says NOT to put the title “Introduction”.
The purpose of this chapter is to frame the entire study and capture the attention of the reader. It is important to put the research study into perspective/context and establish, through a succinct problem statement, the need for the research. It is particularly important because if all of its components fit together, the rest of the dissertation will flow smoothly.
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USING THE CUSTOM TOOLBARS IN BOLD PaperMaker: If you have disabled the macros function, the toolbars will not work.
Enable the macros, then close the file and re-open it.
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Background of the Problem
Approximately 2 1/2 pages. Many dissertations begin this chapter by setting the context for the problem through a historical context or a background. The purpose of the background section is to provide information on how the problem evolved, what has been researched in previous studies, and what dimension of the problem (conceptual/theoretical framework) will be focused on the research. The most salient references that support the problem should be found in this chapter as opposed to chapter 2.
Discussion reflects why the research problem is of important social concern or theoretical interest.
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Statement of the Problem
Approximately 100-250 words. Once the overview of the problem has been documented, a cogent problem statement follows. The problem statement should be concise (between 100 and 250 words) and contain sufficient information to convince the reader that the study is needed, feasible, appropriate, and worthwhile. It clearly delineates the specific problem to be investigated. It mirrors the purpose statement. The reader is able to discern the seriousness of the problem and understand the need for the study and its further elucidation.
Be sure that this section parallels the purpose statement and the study questions.
There are 4 required parts:
1. General problem/observation identifying the need for the study.
2. Specific problem proposed for research; problem statement is clear, concise, and reflective of the purpose statement.
3. Introductory words describing method and research design are given and are appropriate to the problem.
4. General population group of proposed study is identified.
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Purpose of the Study
Approximately 3/4 of a page. The purpose statement details the reason why the study is being conducted. The purpose statement is distilled to one or two declarative sentences from which the entire study will emanate. Purpose statements can be supplemented with additional information for clarification, but a single, succinct sentence that captures the essence of the study should identify the (a) research method, (b) research variables, (c) the audience to which the problem is significant, and (e) the setting.
A sample purpose statement that illustrates the above elements follows: “The purpose of this (a) qualitative, phenomenological research study is to explore the (b) personal value patterns/profiles of (c) first-level supervisors at a (d) manufacturing facility in the Pacific Northwest.”
7 required parts:
1. Research method is identified as qualitative.
2. Research method is appropriate to the proposed study.
3. Research design is clearly stated.
4. Research design is appropriate to the research method.
5. Research variables are briefly identified.
6. Specific population group of proposed study is identified.
7. Geographic location of study is identified.
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Significance of the Problem
Approximately 1/2 page. This section defines the study’s original contribution to the academic field, to society, to a profession, to the community, and/or to a particular population. The significance section establishes a global reason for doing a worthwhile study. This section explains why the study is unique and who will benefit from its completion. The significance should be appropriate to the field of study. Discuss two areas of significance: (1) Significance to the field of study (i.e. study contribution) and (2) significance to leadership.
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Significance of the study. Begin paragraph here.
Significance of the study to leadership. Begin paragraph here.
Nature of the Study
Approximately 1-3 pages. The nature of the study section is also called a synopsis of the research design. This section is a forum for distinguishing the design used to investigate a problem from other research designs that have been utilized in previous studies, or could have been utilized in this study. This section puts the study in context with similar types (e.g., phenomenological, Delphi, case study, etc.). The appropriateness of the design is justified by how it accomplishes the goals of the study.
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Overview of the research method. Begin paragraph here.
Overview of the design appropriateness. Begin paragraph here.
Research Questions
Approximately 1-3 pages. There is no set number of research questions, though typical dissertations may have 3 –5. Often qualitative studies have a central question that is broad and qualified the central phenomenon or concept. The central question is often followed by no more than 5 to 7 subquestions.
Qualitative research questions tend to be open and probative in nature and state the intent of the study. Research questions need to be manageable and contain appropriate restriction, qualification, and delineation. The formulation of research questions guides the selection of the research method and design.
Many qualitative research questions ask ‘how’ or ‘why’ events occur. Qualitative research questions are often exploratory in nature, and are designed to generate hypotheses to be tested later in quantitative studies.
Proposed research questions must be included in discussion format.
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Theoretical Framework
Approximately 2 – 4 pages. Define the broad theoretical area under which the research falls (e.g., leadership, management, conflict management, entrepreneurship, gender and diversity in organizations, human resources, international management, management education and development, management history, management, spirituality and religion, managerial and organizational cognition, operations management, organization and management theory, social issues in management, technology and innovation management). Nearly every discipline has a number of competing concepts and theories. These concepts and theories shape research studies. A theoretical framework helps to place a study in perspective among other studies. A theoretical framework is used to support studies looking for relationships among variables and to set limits or boundaries to the study.
New ideas can be generated from the theoretical framework. Previous research studies using the same theoretical framework suggest the need for further study in specific areas. Theories also attempt to bring together ideas, facts, observations, and other theories into systems of thought or meaning (Salkind, 1985). The extent to which observations can be accounted for by a theory is the extent to which a theory is credible.
You may include a separate heading for each of the variables in your study.
The theoretical framework must include 4 parts:
1. Discussion reflects overview of the broad theoretical area under which the research falls.
2. Discussion reflects overview of how proposed research fits within other research in the field.
3. Discussion specifically includes important issues, perspectives, and controversies in the field.
4. Discussion reflects knowledge and familiarity with the historical, germinal, and current literature in the field.
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Definition of Terms
Words that are defined in an unusual way within the study or have more than one definition need to be defined. The researcher should define all terms unique to his or her study, region, profession, or other qualifier. Put terms in alphabetical order with each term as a separate paragraph. It is useful to have a brief introductory paragraph to the section.
Give the operational definitions of the terms. The explanation should clarify the uniqueness of the term. Be sure to support your definitions with citations.
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Approximately ¾ to 2 pages. Assumptions are the elements of a study that are often taken for granted. For example, “For purposes of this study, it is assumed that subjects will respond honestly to the questionnaire.” In some cases, your assumptions may also be limitations – if you assume the subjects will respond honestly, your study is limited by the truthfulness of your subjects. Learners may propose that a study will be the most useful for a unique population, assuming that this population is similar to others in which previous studies have been conducted. In the rationale for each assumption, incorporate multiple perspectives when appropriate.
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Scope and Limitations
This section briefly explains the limitations of the study – those aspects the researcher cannot control. If the study has limitations based on the reliability and validity of the instruments, be sure to discuss them in chapter 3).
Describe the scope of the study – discuss the variables and the population. Do not create a list. Keep your section in discussion format with depth and breadth.
Example: This study is limited by the honesty of the subjects’ responses during the interviews and the amount of time available to conduct the study. Validity of this study is limited to the reliability of the instruments used.
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This section explains what the researcher can control (or limit).

Example: This study is delimited to surveying (describe sample selection). The study is further delimited to (name key variables). Only (explain how you will eliminate/include potential subjects) will be included in the study.
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Chapter 1 concludes with a brief summary and an introduction to chapter 2. Summarize the key points presented in chapter 1 and be sure to include citations!
The ending paragraph should be a transition to the next chapter.
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Order Description
Emergency Management

Conduct a hazard analysis of your community (southern california earthquakes). Based on your analysis, write a 5–10 page paper describing the high and moderate hazards you identified. Follow these steps:

Identify and characterize the hazards
Evaluate each hazard for severity and frequency
Estimate the risk
Determine the societal and economic (direct) effects and the indirect effects or costs
Determine the acceptable level of risk
Identify risk-reduction opportunities
Include the actions the local emergency management organization should take to mitigate the hazards, with a comment as to how the hazards would impact vulnerable populations and critical infrastructure if not mitigated. Be sure to include a hazard ranking. Discuss preparations that should be made in the community to safeguard lives and property in the event of a natural or man-made emergency or disaster related to the hazards.

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